Self-sustainability is a lifestyle that aims to reduce the individual or social use of natural and personal resources. Self-sustainability methods try to reduce the emissions of carbon compounds by changing the mode of transport and use of energy and food. Those who advocate for self-sustainability live lives in accordance with the “ecology of nature”, following its cycles.
Self-sustaining life is an ability and practice in securing all personal needs and needs of households without taking any help or resources beyond that household. It relies on a multitude of skills and knowledge, as well as on the desire of the individual and the community towards autonomy.
“On the spot”
From a socioeconomic point of view, such “bioconstruction” is more profitable than a house built by conventional materials, because raw materials from the face of the place are cheaper while creating the need for more labor. Maintenance costs of these structures are reduced because its materials are natural and adapted to changes in temperature and humidity. Savings in this way of a building are over 35 percent.
Building materials are everywhere. Their transmission from large distances is not environmentally sound, as it requires excessive energy consumption. Building materials must be easily accessible to an ordinary person and their use must have a small impact on the planet’s energy situation. The process of its modeling in the form of use should consume little or no energy.
In order to maintain a favorable temperature for the lives of people and plants, a self-sustaining house with its construction and materials must be like a battery for energy storage. The materials must be charged and massive to maintain the temperature.
Wood is organic and biodegradable. It disappears over time, and we have devised a variety of toxic chemical products to “mend” its longevity. In your surroundings, you should look for materials that can last in their nature. Wood is a good material where the mass does not play a role and where it will not be exposed to destructive factors, so it does not need to be secured further.
Earthquakes are a major problem in many parts of the world. As earthquakes cause horizontal shifts or chiseling of the structure, highly resistant materials or those with sufficient flexibility to move with these movements are recommended. Fragile materials such as concrete, are prone to cracking and breaking.